Corn Harvest: Check Tips Before Placing Machines on the field
Atualizado: Jul 1
Preventive review of harvesters can prevent damage to rural producers
In the 2019/2020 season, Brazilian producers are expected to harvest 75.91 million tons of second crop corn, according to last survey conducted by the National Supply Company (CONAB). The estimated volume represents an increase of nearly 4% in relation to the previous year, when farmers harvested 73.17 million tons of grain.
Including, in the two main producing states of the second crop, Mato Grosso and Paraná, the grain harvesting has already started in some regions. But after so many care since the choice of seeds and harvest sowing, how to avoid losses at the time of harvest?
"The reduction of losses in the harvest passes through the planning of operations, the climatic conditions, conditions of the machines, which need to be with maintenance in day, by the appropriate harvesting speed and cleaning the internal compartments of the machines before the harvest operation," says The researcher of the Entomology and Storage area of Embrapa corn and sorghum, Marco Aurélio Guerra Pimentel.
Care with machinery
The regional manager of Indutar in the regions of Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul and Paraná, Paulo Schwaab, reinforces that preventive review in harvesters is of extreme importance. "The well-regulated machinery can avoid disorders, especially in the bearing parts, which are more sensitive. This also goes for corn heads and pickers, "explains the manager.
And just as in the planting, the speed in the harvest is also an important detail and can make a difference and avoid losses of ears. The speed must be compatible with the size of the harvester and the header.
"It is important to observe the speed of displacement versus the speed of rotation in the throttle channel, which will generate inertia of the pickup pickers. And also be aware of the cutting height not to damage the platform nozzles so that there is no fatigue, breaking and losses, "says Schwaab.
In addition, the manager reinforces that loss analysis must be performed periodically. "To minimize the losses in the rotor, the sieves or on the header. All these care can prevent damage and generate profits to rural producers, "he adds.
And to help the rural producer and make a difference in the field, Indutar developed a light and robust corn header, Magna. Only on the market with retractable fairing systems with shock absorbers that enable maintenance and avoid accidents. The header still has universal coupling and can be used in any combine model.
With 14 degrees of ground attack inclination, it allows better corn collection with tipping and also a cut closer to the ground, leaving the straw better distributed. Another Corn Header differential is the lowest fuel consumption, up to 15%, with larger quantities of rows and higher speed, up to 20%.
"In corn, the great secret of harvest is to be able to eliminate the amount of straw entering the industrial of the combine and overloads rotor and sieves, increasing the loss of grains and consuming more energy from the harvester. The Magna is lighter, agile and more efficient in the market, "reinforces the Regional Indutar Manager.